Thirdly, the EU should send a clear message to Turkey that it is ready to deepen the existing trade agreement only if certain conditions are met. Turkey should tackle and repair the growing number of trade irritations in recent years under the current agreement. This situation has been reported without exception by all the countries that participated in the joint research. Ankara should also honour its commitments to cooperate with Europe on migration management. Thirdly, Turkey should once again establish itself as a reliable partner for European security. This is only possible if the interest in multilateralism and diplomacy is sincere. Ankara should put an end to military threats in the eastern Mediterranean and act in the common interest of the transatlantic alliance. According to a study carried out in 2020, the agreement has boosted trade between the EU and Turkey. In the manufacturing sector, trade between the EU and Turkey increased by 55-65% compared to the Ankara agreement.  However, the scope of this customs union, which is based on the status of goods in free practice, is limited to products other than agricultural products covered by Annex I of the Treaty of Amsterdam and coal and steel products which are subject only to preferential agreements based on their original character.
It goes without saying that these provisions do not apply to agricultural products exempt from pan-European accumulation (by a footnote referring to an annex in each protocol on the origin of agreements between the EC and the other partners in the pan-European accumulation system). Turkey is a member of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Euromed) and should therefore conclude free trade agreements with all other Mediterranean partners in order to create a Euro-Mediterranean free trade area. By decision 1/2001 of the CE-Turkey Customs Cooperation Committee of 28.03.2001 (JO L 200 of 20.12.2001, p. 1). The provisions for the application of Decision 1/95 are agreed for the exchange of goods between the two parties of the customs union and with third countries (modified by Decision 1/2003 of 30.01.2003, JO L 155 of 16.12.2001, p. 1). JO L 28, 4.02.2003 – Corrigendum JO L 28, from 4.02.2003 JO L 74, 20.03.2003). In December 2016, the European Commission published an assessment proposing to update and modernise the agreement, which includes services and public procurement.  The report ends with two options; Improved trade framework (ECF) or comprehensive free trade agreement (ACFTA).
 Starting in 2020, the Council has not yet adapted the proposal.